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Military Hospital Rd, Rawalpindi

Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac catheterization (also called cardiac cath or coronary angiogram) is an invasive imaging procedure that allows your healthcare provider to evaluate your heart function. Your provider puts a catheter (tiny tube) into a blood vessel in your arm or groin and then into your coronary arteries. Providers can use a heart catheterization to find problems and use other procedures to fix them, sometimes during the same appointment. For example, your provider could fix a heart flaw you were born with or replace your heart valve without making a large incision and doing traditional surgery.

When would a cardiac catheterization be needed?

Cardiac catheterization is used to:

  • Find out why you’re having chest pain or an abnormal heart rhythm.
  • Take a tiny bit of muscle from your heart to examine (biopsy).
  • Evaluate or confirm the presence of coronary artery disease, valve disease or disease of the aorta. Your provider may do this as a scheduled procedure or shortly after a heart attack.
  • Evaluate heart muscle function.
  • Check your pulmonary arteries for issues.
  • Check on your blood flow, oxygen level and pressure in areas of your heart.
  • Get more information that other tests couldn’t provide.
  • Determine the need for further treatment (such as an interventional procedure or coronary artery bypass graft, or CABG, surgery).
  • Place a stent to open a blockage in an artery.
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